Let's talk about the essentials of a good skincare routine. The basics. The kind of thing that every single human being needs to have (yes, even men need skincare too!). Don't get us wrong, we love our toners, essences, serums, ampoules, and masks, but sometimes using too many products can cause us more harm than good. We found that going back to the basics: (1) cleanse, (2) moisturise, and (3) protect, is sometimes just what our skin needs when it is irritated. In this post, we will break down the absolute essentials in a skincare routine.
Step 1: Cleanse. Cleansing your face is the first step of every good skincare routine. A good cleanser should be one that does not strip your skin of its natural oils. If your cleanser is making you feel “squeaky clean” after, toss it out because it is probably too harsh for you. Cleansers are meant to remove makeup, sunscreen, dirt and whatever impurities you skin has collected throughout the day.
- Morning routine. People with oily skin feel the need to use a cleanser in their morning routine and that is fine. However, over-cleansing your skin can irritate your skin and damage your skin barrier. People with a drier skin type can consider doing a water rise and skip using a cleanser in the morning.
- Evening routine. It is important for everyone to be doing a double cleanse in the evenings. Double cleansing is essentially going in with an oil-based cleanser to remove the oils left on your skin throughout the day, then going in with a water-based cleanser to remove whatever’s left. This ensures that nothing is left behind to clog your pores and making sure your skin is clean and ready for the next step.
Step 2: Moisturise. A moisturiser will keep the skin feeling soft and smooth, ensuring the skin's protective barrier is functioning properly. A moisturiser is meant to seal in all the hydration in your skin and prevent your skin from experiencing excessive trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL), which is the process where water leaves our body through the skin.
Step 3: Protect. In your morning routine, you should always follow up with a sunscreen. There is no point on wasting time on having any kind of skincare regiment if you don’t use sunscreen. Sunscreen is arguably the most important step in your routine because it protects your skin from damaging UV rays, that accounts for 90% of premature aging, and skin cancers. There are 2 main sunscreen categories we can choose from:
- Inorganic (physical/mineral) sunscreens. Mainly made out of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.
- Organic (chemical) sunscreens. Basically, everything else (e.g. Avobenzone, Octinoxate, Tinosorb S/M, Uvinul A Plus).